Now is the right time to become an American Federation of Musicians member. From ragtime to rap, from the early phonograph to today's digital recordings, the AFM has been there for its members. And now there are more benefits available to AFM members than ever before, including a multi-million dollar pension fund, excellent contract protection, instrument and travelers insurance, work referral programs and access to licensed booking agents to keep you working.

As an AFM member, you are part of a membership of more than 80,000 musicians. Experience has proven that collective activity on behalf of individuals with similar interests is the most effective way to achieve a goal. The AFM can negotiate agreements and administer contracts, procure valuable benefits and achieve legislative goals. A single musician has no such power.

The AFM has a proud history of managing change rather than being victimized by it. We find strength in adversity, and when the going gets tough, we get creative - all on your behalf.

Like the industry, the AFM is also changing and evolving, and its policies and programs will move in new directions dictated by its members. As a member, you will determine these directions through your interest and involvement. Your membership card will be your key to participation in governing your union, keeping it responsive to your needs and enabling it to serve you better. To become a member now, visit


Home » Resources » Health » Migraines: Help for More Pain-Free Days

Migraines: Help for More Pain-Free Days


Those who suffer from migraines experience severe, debilitating throbbing pain, often occurring on one side of the head. Attacks frequently cause disabling symptoms. Visual disturbances, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, fainting, and severe sensitivity to light, sound, touch, and smell, are common. More than one billion people worldwide are affected by migraines, making it the third most prevalent illness in the world.

As a musician, migraines can significantly curtail your career, especially if you are one of the more than 4 million people who experience chronic migraines, occurring at least 15 times per month. While migraines often go undiagnosed and untreated, it is best to visit your doctor to discuss your headaches, talk about treatment, and consider underlying causes.

Seek immediate medical treatment if you experience an abrupt, severe headache; headache with fever, stiff neck, mental confusion, seizures, double vision, weakness, numbness, or trouble speaking; headache following a head injury; chronic headache that worsens with coughing, movement, or exertion; and new headache pain if you are over age 50.

Tracking Migraine Triggers

Doctors recommend keeping a headache diary. Note when you do and do not have migraines. What activities were you participating in? What did you eat or drink? How much sleep did you get the night before? By discovering what triggers your migraines, you may be able to minimize occurrence. Common migraine triggers include:

  • Diet—aged cheeses, salty, processed foods, additives like aspartame and monosodium glutamate (MSG), as well as skipping meals
  • Drinks—alcohol, especially wine; and highly caffeinated beverages
  • Stress
  • Sensori stimuli—bright lights, sun glare, loud sounds, strong smells
  • Intense physical exertion
  • Changes in environment—weather, barometric pressure
  • Lack of sleep, too much sleep, or changes in sleep patterns
  • Certain medications, oral contraceptives, vasodilators
  • Nonprescription Relief

Over-the-counter pain-relieving medications are most effective when taken at the first signs or symptoms of a migraine. If possible, rest or sleep in a dark room while they take effect. If used too often or for extended periods of time, they can lead to ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding. Other ways to reduce the pain and instance of headaches include:

  • Maintain consistent daily routines, sleep patterns, and meals
  • Participate in regular aerobic exercise to reduce tension
  • Reduce medications that contain estrogen
  • Acupuncture
  • Learning to control your physical response to stress through biofeedback or cognitive behavior therapy
  • Massage therapy

Prescription Relief

For continued chronic migraines, your doctor may prescribe medications to prevent or relieve the pain. Preventative medications include cardiovascular drugs, tricyclic antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs. Prescribed pain relievers often include triptans or ergots. All of these medications may produce side effects. It may take some trial and error with your doctor to find what works best for you and your migraines.

For more information on migraine research and treatment visit the website of the American Migraine Foundation (

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