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March 12, 2014IM -
The Alexander Technique addresses inefficient habits of movement and patterns of accumulated tension that interfere with our innate ability to move easily. But as Michael J. Gelb says in Body Learning, his book on the subject, the technique itself is difficult to define because it involves a new experience. It’s like “trying to explain music to someone who has never heard a note.” Nonetheless, here is a brief overview.
As noted in The Complete Guide to the Alexander Technique, from the website alexandertechnique.com, the method has a long history of helping musicians and singers perform with less stress and less likelihood of injury. By improving the quality of the physical movements involved in playing an instrument or singing, the Alexander Technique can also boost the quality of the music itself.
For example, a violinist’s stiff shoulders and arms may impede his pleasing sound, while a singer’s tight neck or jaw will cause her voice to become less resonant. The Alexander Technique can release undue tension in the body to create a more fluid and lively, less tense and rigid, performance.
The technique has been used and endorsed by well-known musicians, including Paul McCartney, Sting, violinist Yehudi Menuhin, and others.
Australian F.M. Alexander (1869-1955), a Shakespearean actor who kept losing his voice during performances, first developed the methods. When his doctors could not help him, he embarked on a journey of self-discovery. He realized that excess tension in his neck and body were causing his problems, and he began to explore new ways of speaking and moving with greater ease.
Following Alexander’s success in improving his own situation, his friends, and even several of the doctors he had consulted earlier, persuaded him to teach others what he had learned. He refined his method of instruction over more than 50 years, and eventually trained others in what became known as the Alexander Technique.
Martha Hansen Fertman, director of The Philadelphia School for the Alexander Technique says, “Musicians make the best students. They are so dedicated and the work becomes so pertinent.”
But, she says that musicians don’t need to be experiencing pain or discomfort. “It is not just for issues around pain,” she clarifies. “It’s for overall musicianship and being able to technically do what it is that musicians need to do. It’s not only for physical therapy—it is a much deeper study.” An Alexander teacher’s focus is on the musician’s overall coordination, which can help prevent future injuries.
“With a guitarist, for example, the shoulder strap may be causing them to ‘pull down’ and interfere with their overall use,” she says. “It’s the same with a person sitting down and playing guitar. Guitarists tend to wrap themselves around their instruments, which interferes very much with their overall coordination, as well as the mobility and suppleness of their fingers.”
Fear and anxiety also creep into the mix. “They stiffen up and they fall back into all of their worst habits of misuse and they interfere with themselves,” she notes. Recognizing when and how that happens is an essential component of the training. Why it happens is a bit more complex, and can be associated a musician’s personal history, including psychological issues, she explains.
“Alexander Technique tends to work in small increments of change and a healthy person can manage the levels of change—they don’t need me to help them through it,” she says. “And if they do need help, I refer them to a psychologist because we are dealing with the habits of a lifetime.”
Commitment to change is essential, says Fertman. If someone is told they should try the Alexander Technique to help them play better, and they don’t really want to, it’s not going to do much good. “Whereas for someone who plays piano, who has developed a great deal of pain in their forearm and has difficulty playing—their commitment to understand and change is vital,” she asserts.
The length of time it takes to see improvement depends on your level of involvement. “You can go on learning and finding out new ease and freedom for the rest of your days on earth,” she says. “And if you stop interfering with yourself, your very best will come through. You’ll realize your potential.”